BP plc (formerly The British Petroleum Company plc and BP Amoco plc) is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is one of the world’s seven oil and gas “supermajors”, whose performance in 2012 made it the world’s sixth-largest oil and gas company, the sixth-largest energy company by market capitalization and the company with the world’s 12th-largest revenue (turnover). It is a vertically integrated company operating in all areas of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading. It also has renewable energy interests in biofuels, wind power and solar technology.
BP Plc is an integrated oil and gas company that provides customers with fuel for transportation, energy for heat and light, lubricants to keep engines moving, and the petrochemicals products used to make everyday items as diverse as paints, clothes and packaging. It operates through two segments: Upstream and Downstream. The Upstream segment markets and trades natural gas, including liquefied natural gas, power and natural gas liquids and is responsible for its activities in oil and natural gas exploration, field development and production, and midstream transportation, storage and processing. The Downstream segment is responsible for the refining, manufacturing, marketing, transportation, and supply and trading of crude oil, petroleum, petrochemicals products and related services to wholesale and retail customers. BP was founded by William Knox D’Arcy on April 14, 1908 and is headquartered in London, the United Kingdom.